auxiliary verbs


auxiliary verbs
auxiliary verbs
An auxiliary verb is one that is used with another verb to form a particular tense or mood, for example be in We were pleased, have in They have gone, and do in Do you mind? Sometimes more than one auxiliary verb is used to form a tense, as in We will be going and You have been warned. Some verbs, such as can, may, and would, are called modal (or modal auxiliary) verbs, and others (notably dare and need), though less obviously auxiliary in function, are called semi-modal verbs because they behave in similar ways (for example, you can say dare not and need not, which is characteristic of auxiliary verbs). See also be; can; do; have; may, might; modal verb; ought; shall and will.

Modern English usage. 2014.

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  • Auxiliary verbs — Auxiliary Aux*il ia*ry (?; 106), a. [L. auxiliarius, fr. auxilium help, aid, fr. augere to increase.] Conferring aid or help; helping; aiding; assisting; subsidiary; as auxiliary troops. [1913 Webster] {Auxiliary scales} (Mus.), the scales of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Contractions of negated auxiliary verbs in English — The contraction of negated auxiliary verbs in English is most often achieved by suffixing n t , an abbreviated form of not , to the root of a verb with or without changes to the root. In nonstandard or colloquial language, the form ain t has… …   Wikipedia

  • List of English auxiliary verbs — The following English verb forms can appear as auxiliary verbs. Note that some of these forms can also be used as main verbs. The main criterion for whether something is an auxiliary verb used here is whether it participates in subject auxiliary… …   Wikipedia

  • verbs — 1. A verb is traditionally regarded as a word that describes the action or state which the sentence seeks to convey and is normally an essential element in a clause or sentence: She locked the door / She was angry. Verbs are either transitive… …   Modern English usage

  • Auxiliary — Aux*il ia*ry (?; 106), a. [L. auxiliarius, fr. auxilium help, aid, fr. augere to increase.] Conferring aid or help; helping; aiding; assisting; subsidiary; as auxiliary troops. [1913 Webster] {Auxiliary scales} (Mus.), the scales of relative or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Auxiliary scales — Auxiliary Aux*il ia*ry (?; 106), a. [L. auxiliarius, fr. auxilium help, aid, fr. augere to increase.] Conferring aid or help; helping; aiding; assisting; subsidiary; as auxiliary troops. [1913 Webster] {Auxiliary scales} (Mus.), the scales of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Auxiliary verb — In linguistics, an auxiliary verb is a verb that gives further semantic or syntactic information about a main or full verb. In English, the extra meaning provided by an auxiliary verb alters the basic meaning of the main verb to make it have one… …   Wikipedia

  • auxiliary — /awg zil yeuh ree, zil euh /, adj., n., pl. auxiliaries. adj. 1. additional; supplementary; reserve: an auxiliary police force. 2. used as a substitute or reserve in case of need: The hospital has an auxiliary power system in case of a blackout.… …   Universalium

  • auxiliary — [[t]ɔːgzɪ̱ljəri, AM ləri[/t]] auxiliaries 1) N COUNT An auxiliary is a person who is employed to assist other people in their work. Auxiliaries are often medical workers or members of the armed forces. Nursing auxiliaries provide basic care, but… …   English dictionary

  • auxiliary verb — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms auxiliary verb : singular auxiliary verb plural auxiliary verbs linguistics a verb that is used with another verb to show its tense, form questions, form the passive, or change an aspect of its meaning. The… …   English dictionary